A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject?
How well you answer this question depends upon:
The “literature” represents an on-going scholarly conversation. A literature review “re-views” – looks again – at what others have said, done, found in a particular area.
The “literature” you choose will inform and underpin everything you write, so plan searches carefully.
An effective literature search:
Topic relevance: Is the literature on the same topic as you proposed to study?
Individual and site relevance: Does the literature examine the same individuals and sites you want to study?
Summarize each source to:
Integrate the literature – enter into the on-going scholarly conversation with your own narrative about how these perspectives, findings, conclusions, fit together with one another – and – with your research questions