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Latina/o/x Studies

Celebrando Latina/o/x heritage

Chicana/o/x, Latina/o/x, and Hispanic are not the same

Chicano/a/x, Latino/a/x, and Hispanic are not the same. Swipe to learn more about each term! @diversifyournarrative

Chicana/o/x, Latina/o/x, and Hispanic are not the same. Swipe to learn more about each term!

CHICANA/O/X or XICANA/O/X can be used to describe the people of Mexican descent. LATINA/O/X can be used to describe the people and culture of Latin American descent. HISPANIC can be used to describe the people, descendants, and culture of Spanish-speaking countries.

Source: @diversifyournarrative

Although many use these words interchangeably,

Although many use these words interchangeably, "Chicana/o/x", "Latina/o/x", and "Hispanic" are terms that have very different meanings that can be used to describe different individuals. As a platform dedicated to uplifting BIPOC communities in order to promote respect and clarity.

Source: @diversifyournarrative

"Chicana/o/x", or "Xicana/o/x", can be used to describe the people of Mexican descent who were born in the United States and their culture. This term was initially considered a racial slur, but it has since been reclaimed by non-white Mexican Americans and accepted into common vocabulary. It should not be used to refer to people or cultures of other Latin American or Spanish-speaking countries.  

Source: @diversifyournarrative

"Latina/o/x" can be used to describe the people and culture of Latin American descent. This would exclude the people and culture of Spain.

Source: @diversifyournarrative

"Hispanic" can be used to describe the people, descendants, and culture of Spanish-speaking countries, including many Latin American countries and Spain. However, the term excludes the people, descendants, and culture of Latin American countries that do no speak Spanish, like Brazil and Haiti. 

Source: @diversifyournarrative

If you're still having trouble when it comes to addressing people from the Latino/a/x and Hispanic community, please refer to the chart below to determine which term is most applicable.  Latino/a/x: Brazil; French Guiana; Guadeloupe; Haiti, Martinique; Saint Barthelemy; Saint Martin; Belize  Both: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Uruguay; Venezuela  Hispanic: Spain; Equatorial Guinea

If you're still having trouble when it comes to addressing people from the Latino/a/x and Hispanic community, please refer to the chart below to determine which term is most applicable.

Latina/o/x: Brazil; French Guiana; Guadeloupe; Haiti, Martinique; Saint Barthelemy; Saint Martin; Belize

Both: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Uruguay; Venezuela

Hispanic: Spain; Equatorial Guinea

Source: @diversifyournarrative

Latinx Terminology

Terminology

Although we recognize that “Latino” has been able to center the experiences of many communities – it also excludes non-binary people. We use the alternative term “Latinx” to go beyond gender and establish inclusivity in our language. 

  • Hispanic - Hispanic refers to language. Hispanic if you and/or your ancestry come from a country where they speak Spanish.
  • Latino/a - Latino refers to geography. Specifically, to Latin America, to people from the Caribbean (Puerto Rico, Cuba, Dominican Republic), South America (Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, etc.) and Central America (Honduras, Costa Rica, etc.)
  • Latinx - Of, relating to, or marked by Latin American Heritage - used as a gender-neutral alternative to Latino or Latina
  • Latin@ - Gender-neutral shorthand for Latino/Latina.
  • Chicano/a - An American of Mexican descent.

Resource

About One-in-Four U.S. Hispanics Have Heard of Latinx, but Just 3% Use It - Young Hispanic women among the most likely to use the term (PDF) 

Sources

https://www.diffen.com/difference/Hispanic_vs_Latino 
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Latinx 
https://www.noodle.com/articles/latin-what-it-means-and-how-to-say-it

Guide Contributors

Sally Romero

Research & Instruction Librarian

sallyromero@cpp.edu

Elizabeth Hernandez

Research & Instruction Librarian

evgomez@cpp.edu

Alyssa Loera

Digital Services & Technology Librarian

avloera@cpp.edu