Infographics are graphical/visual representations of information (data, workflows, processes, etc.) often intended to make that information clearer or easier to understand. They are often image files, or PDFs.
Screen reader users or other people who may have difficulty processing visual information won't be able to access the information presented in the infographic without alt-text or an alternative format.
If there are people or teams who are creating infographics reach out to them to discuss developing an infographics best practice training or documentation. It's easier to make long descriptions at the same time as creating the graphic than it is to go back later and have to re-type all the information.
If there are organizational infographics that may be of value to multiple guides having that be managed in a centralized place that authors can just map to (rather than creating copies) will assist with version control and mean the long description only has to be created once.